Academic Articles

//Academic Articles

Fake News: A Technological Approach to Proving the Origins of Content, Using Blockchains

Abstract: In this article, we introduce a prototype of an innovative technology for proving the origins of captured digital media. In an era of fake news, when someone shows us a video or picture of some event, how can we trust its authenticity? It seems ...

2017-12-14T11:27:59+00:00 December 14th, 2017|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

Call for Papers: Special Issue on Computational Propaganda and Political Big Data

We are pleased to announce a special issue of the journal Big Data dedicated to computational propaganda. This special issue is guest edited by project members Professor Phil Howard and Gillian Bolsover. The deadline for submission is 1 June, 2017 for publication in December 2017. ...

2017-01-17T05:44:53+00:00 January 17th, 2017|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

Social Media, Civic Engagement, and the Slactivism Hypothesis: Lessons from Mexico’s “El Bronco

Does social media use have a positive or negative impact on civic engagement? The cynical “slacktivism hypothesis” holds that if citizens use social media for political conversation, those conversations will be fleeting and vapid. Most attempts to answer this question involve public opinion data from ...

2017-01-14T05:33:43+00:00 January 14th, 2017|Academic Articles|

IJOC: Automation, Big Data and Politics: A Research Review

We review the great variety of critical scholarship on algorithms, automation, and big data in areas of contemporary life both to document where there has been robust scholarship and to contribute to existing scholarship by identifying gaps in our research agenda. We identify five domains ...

2016-10-15T04:42:24+00:00 October 15th, 2016|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

When Bots Tweet: Toward a Normative Framework for Bots on Social Networking Sites

Political actors are using algorithms and automation to sway public opinion, notably through the use of “bot” accounts on social networking sites. This article considers the responsibility of social networking sites and other platforms to respect human rights, such as freedom of expression and privacy. ...

2016-10-15T04:33:30+00:00 October 15th, 2016|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

Growing Bot Security: An Ecological View of Bot Agency

Political actors are now deploying software programs called social bots that use social networking services such as Facebook or Twitter to communicate with users and manipulate their behavior, creating profound issues for Internet security. Current approaches in bot control continue to fail because social media ...

2016-10-15T04:32:22+00:00 October 15th, 2016|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

Auditing for Transparency in Content Personalization Systems

Do we have a right to transparency when we use content personalization systems? Building on prior work in discrimination detection in data mining, I propose algorithm auditing as a compatible ethical duty for providers of content personalization systems to maintain the transparency of political discourse. ...

2016-10-15T04:26:50+00:00 October 15th, 2016|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

When the Algorithm Itself is a Racist: Diagnosing Ethical Harm in the Basic Components of Software

Computer algorithms organize and select information across a wide range of applications and industries, from search results to social media. Abuses of power by Internet platforms have led to calls for algorithm transparency and regulation. Algorithms have a particularly problematic history of processing information about ...

2016-10-15T04:21:35+00:00 October 15th, 2016|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

Bots and Political Influence: A Sociotechnical Investigation of Social Network Capital

This study explains how bots interact with human users and influence conversational networks on Twitter. We analyze a high-stakes political environment, the UK general election of May 2015, asking human volunteers to tweet from purpose-made Twitter accounts—half of which had bots attached—during three events: the ...

2016-10-15T04:19:58+00:00 October 15th, 2016|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|

Where Do Bots Come From? An Analysis of Bot Codes Shared on GitHub

An increasing amount of open source code is available on the Internet for quickly setting up and deploying bots on Twitter. This development of open-source Twitter bots signals the emergence of new political economies that redistribute agencies around technological actors, empowering both the writers of ...

2016-10-15T04:11:50+00:00 October 15th, 2016|Academic Articles, Journal Special Issues|