Philip N. Howard is the team’s principal investigator. A professor and writer, he has written numerous empirical research articles, and published in a number of disciplines, on the use of digital media for both civic engagement and social control in countries around the world.
Philip N. Howard is a statutory Professor of Internet Studies at the Oxford Internet Institute and a Professorial Fellow at Balliol College at the University of Oxford. He has courtesy appointments as a professor at the University of Washington’s Department of Communication and as a Fellow at Columbia University’s Tow Center for Digital Journalism. He has held senior academic appointments at Stanford, Princeton, and Columbia Universities, and from 2013-15 he helped design and launch a new School of Public Policy at Central European University in Budapest. Recently he received a Consolidator Award from the European Research Council for his study of algorithms and public life. His projects on digital activism, information access, and modern governance in both democracies and authoritarian regimes have been supported by the National Science Foundation, US Institutes of Peace, and Intel’s People and Practices Group. He has published eight books and over 120 academic articles, book chapters, conference papers, and commentary essays on information technology, international affairs and public life. His research spans several disciplines, and he is among a small number of scholars who have won awards from all three major academic associations for his work in political science, sociology, and communication. He is the author, most recently, of Pax Technica: How the Internet of Things May Set Us Free or Lock Us Up. Howard’s research and commentary writing has been featured in the New York Times, Washington Post, and many international media outlets. His B.A. is in political science from Innis College at the University of Toronto, his M.Sc. is in economics from the London School of Economics, and his Ph.D. is in sociology from Northwestern University. His website is philhoward.org, and he tweets from @pnhoward. His PGP key can be found here.
- (2015) Pax Technica How the Internet of Things May Set Us Free or Lock Us Up. Yale University Press.
- (2013) State Power 2.0: Digital Networks and Authoritarian Rule. London: Ashgate.
- (2013) Castells and the Media Theory and Media. John Wiley & Sons.
- (2013) Democracy's Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring. Oxford University Press on Demand.
- (2010) The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy Information Technology and Political Islam. Oxford University Press.
- (2008) Routledge Handbook of Internet Politics. Routledge.
- (2006) New Media Campaigns and the Managed Citizen. Cambridge University Press.
- (2003) Society Online The Internet in Context. SAGE Publications.
- (2018) "Algorithms, bots, and political communication in the US 2016 election: The challenge of automated political communication for election law and administration", Journal of Information Technology and Politics. 15 (2) 81-93.
- (2017) "Computational Propaganda and Political Big Data: Moving Toward a More Critical Research Agenda", Big Data. 5 (4) 273-276.
- (2016) "Automation, Big Data and Politics: a research review", International Journal of Communication. 10 5032-5055.
- (2016) ""Political Communication, Computational Propaganda, and Autonomous Agents — Introduction"", International Journal of Communication. 4882-4890.
- (2016) "Social Media, Civic Engagement, and the Slacktivism Hypothesis: Lessons from Mexico’s “El Bronco”", Journal of International Affairs. 70 (1) 55-73.
- (2014) "Participation, Civics and Your Next Coffee Maker", Policy and Internet. 6 (2) 199-201.
- (2014) "Telecom Policy Across the Former Yugoslavia: Incentives, Challenges, and Lessons Learned", Journal of Information Policy. 4 67-104.
- (2013) "What Best Explains Successful Protest Cascades? ICTs and the Fuzzy Causes of the Arab Spring", International Studies Review. 15 (1) 48-66.
- (2012) "Social Media and Political Change: Capacity, Constraint, and Consequence", Journal of Communication. 62 (2) 359-362.
- (2011) "Digital Media and the Arab Spring", Journal of Democracy. 22 (3) 35-48.
- (2011) "When Do States Disconnect Their Digital Networks? Regime Responses to the Political Uses of Social Media", The Communication Review. 14 (3) 216-232.
- (2011) "Information Technologies and Omnivorous News Diets Over Three U.S. Presidential Elections", Journal of Information Technology and Politics. 8 (2) 177-198.
- (2010) "Political parties and voter privacy: Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and United States in comparative perspective", First Monday. 15 (12).
- (2010) "New Challenges to Political Privacy: Lessons from the First U.S. Presidential Race in the Web 2.0 Era", International Journal of Communication. 1032-1050.
- (2010) "Comparing Digital Divides: Internet Access and Social Inequality in Canada and the United States", Canadian Journal of Communication. 35 (1).
- (2009) "Telecommunications Reform, Internet Use and Mobile Phone Adoption in the Developing World", World Development. 37 (7) 1159-1169.
- (2009) "Data Collection and Leakage", Chicago - Kent Law Review. 84 (3).
- (2009) "Sizing up Information Societies—Towards a Better Metric for the Cultures of ICT Adoption", The Information Society. 25 (3) 208-219.
- (2007) "A Case of Mistaken Identity? News Accounts of Hacker and Organizational Responsibility for Compromised Digital Records, 1980-2006", Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 12 (4) 1229-1247.
- (2007) "Channeling Diversity in the Public Spectrum: Who Qualifies to Bid for Which FCC Licenses?", Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 84 (2) 215-230.
- (2007) "Learning to Search and Searching to Learn: Income, Education and Experience Online", Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 12 (3) 846-865.
- (2007) "Testing the Leap-Frog Hypothesis: Assessing the Impact of Extant Infrastructure and Telecommunication Policy on the Global Digital Divide", Information, Communication and Society. 10 (2) 133-157.
- (2005) "Deep Democracy, Thin Citizenship: The Impact of Digital Media in Political Campaign Strategy", The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 597 (1) 153-170.
- (2005) "Digital Technology and the Market for Political Surveillance", Surveillance and Society. 59-73.
- (2003) "Digitizing the Social Contract: Producing American Political Culture in the Age of New Media", The Communication Review. 6 (3) 213-245.
- (2002) "Network Ethnography and the Hypermedia Organization: New Media, New Organizations, New Methods", New Media & Society. 4 (4) 550-574.
- (2001) "Days and Nights on the Internet: The Impact of a Diffusing Technology", American Behavioral Scientist. 45 (3) 383-404.
- (2000) "Method and Representation in Internet-Based Survey Tools: Mobility, Community, and Cultural Identity in Survey2000.", Social Science Computer Review. 18 (2) 179-195.
- (1998) "The History of Ecological Marginalization in Chiapas", Environmental History. 3 (3) 357.
- (1997) "Development-Induced Displacement in Haiti", Refuge: Canada's periodical on refugees. 16 (3) 4-11.
- (2017) "Social Media, News and Political Information during the US Election: Was Polarizing Content Concentrated in Swing States?" In: COMPROP data memo 2017.8. Oxford: Project on Computational Propaganda.
- (2017) Junk News and Bots during the German Parliamentary Election: What are German Voters Sharing over Twitter?. Oxford, UK: Project on Computational Propaganda.
- (2017) Troops, Trolls and Troublemakers: A Global Inventory of Organized Social Media Manipulation. Oxford, UK: Project on Computational Propaganda.
- (2017) Computational Propaganda in Canada: The Use of Political Bots. Oxford, UK: Computational Propaganda Research Project.
- (2017) Computational Propaganda in Brazil: Social Bots During Elections. Oxford, UK: Computational Propaganda Research Project.
- (2017) Computational Propaganda in Poland: False Amplifiers and the Digital Public Sphere. Oxford, UK: Computational Propaganda Research Project.
- (2017) Computational Propaganda in Russia: The Origins of Digital Misinformation. Oxford, UK: Computational Propaganda Research Project.
- (2017) Computational Propaganda in China: An Alternative Model of a Widespread Practice. Oxford, UK: Computational Propaganda Research Project.
- (2017) Computational Propaganda in the United States of America: Manufacturing Consensus Online. Oxford, UK: Project on Computational Propaganda.
- (2017) Computational Propaganda Worldwide: Executive Summary. Oxford, UK: Project on Computational Propaganda.
- (2016) "Bots and Automation over Twitter during the Third U.S. Presidential Debate" In: Bots and Automation over Twitter during the Third U.S. Presidential Debate: COMPROP data memo 2016.3. Oxford, UK: Project on Computational Propaganda.
- (2016) "“Bots and Automation over Twitter during the Second U.S. Presidential Debate: COMPROP data memo 2016.2"" In: “Bots and Automation over Twitter during the Second U.S. Presidential Debate: COMPROP data memo 2016.2". EU COMPROP project.
- (2016) "“Bots and Automation over Twitter during the First U.S. Presidential Debate: COMPROP Data Memo 2016.1"" In: “Bots and Automation over Twitter during the First U.S. Presidential Debate: COMPROP Data Memo 2016.1". EU COMPROP project.
- (2016) "“Creativity and Critique: Gap Analysis of Support for Critical Research on Big Data"" In: “Creativity and Critique: Gap Analysis of Support for Critical Research on Big Data". Project on Computational Propaganda.
- (2015) Political Bots and the Manipulation of Public Opinion in Venezuela. Elsevier BV.
- Bots, #Strongerin, and #Brexit: Computational Propaganda During the UK-EU Referendum.
- Junk News and Bots during the French Presidential Election: What Are French Voters Sharing Over Twitter?.
- Junk News and Bots during the U.S. Election: What Were Michigan Voters Sharing Over Twitter?.